Facebook & Instagram profile cloning scam

Cloning of personal profiles and brand pages has been a problem on Facebook for several years, but it’s now a serious issue on Instagram too. Many compers are receiving daily ‘Congratulations!’ messages from scammers masquerading as giveaway promoters. Facebook phishing scams even featured on the BBC TV show Rip Off Britain recently! This blog post explains how you can distinguish a fake winning notification from a genuine one, and what you should do if you’re targeted by scammers.

Why are scammers cloning profiles?

Scammers are attempting to win your trust, hoping you will hand over personal details, bank details and pay them money. A few years ago they preyed on Facebook users – they would clone a personal Facebook profile, and then contact that person’s Facebook friends pretending to be that person and asking for urgent money transfers via PayPal or BACS. Even my 82 year old mother-in-law was a victim! Now the scammers are imitating brands and small businesses instead of individuals, and in particular their target is giveaway entrants. They find a giveaway on Facebook or Instagram, and send ‘Congratulations’ messages to the entrants, with a link to complete their details on a web form. They will then try to get the fake ‘winners’ to pay money to receive their non existent prize. Other scammers are attempting to hack your Instagram account. If you respond to their message, they will try to log in using your username and claim they’ve forgotten the password. This will generate a password reset link to your phone, and they will ask you to send them a screenshot of this link – they can type this in and use it to change the password and hack your account! If they succeed, they will start sending out similar messages to your friends. Most hacked accounts are used to promote bitcoin and cyber currency scams. Facebook page cloning is still common too – fake pages claiming to be popular brands like CenterParcs and DisneyWorld offer unbelievable prizes in Like & Share comps, then start bombarding their followers with dodgy links to collect their personal information (see my post How to identify a scam facebook promotion).

How the scammer gets in touch with giveaway entrants

  • On Facebook, the scammer creates a profile with the same name as the brand that’s running the giveaway (usually with a typo or extra punctuation!) and sends you a friend request. Then they’ll message you asking you to visit a link to claim your prize.
Profile scam
  • The scammer might use a cloned Facebook profile to comment on a public share of a competition post on your profile. The comment will congratulate you on your win, then ask you to visit their profile. On their profile will be a link to the website claim form.
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is ScamProfile4.jpg
  • On Instagram, they will clone a brand profile and follow you, then send a message asking you to visit a link to claim the prize (see GlossyBox example below). They will usually include a link to the giveaway post to make it look official.
It’s likely the scammers may ask for a small payment to receive your prize – do not give them any details! Some compers have given their card details and had money taken from their accounts before realising they’d been the victims of a scam.

How to check if a message is from a genuine promoter

    • The main clue to a scammer is poor spelling and grammar in their communication
    • Check that the giveaway you’ve ‘won’ has actually closed – scammers sometimes message while it’s still live!
    • A scammer’s profile name usually won’t match the official brand profile (extra letters in the brand names – Bigfoots Sausages instead of Bigfoot, for example)
    • For bigger brands, look for the tick next to their name to show they’re verified
    • On Facebook, if a brand comments in reply to your entry on their giveaway post it says ‘Author’ next to their name
    • Find the genuine brand Instagram account – the best way to do this is to search Google for the brand’s website, then look for social media icons on the home page and click them. Do these links go to the same Instagram profile that you received a message from? If not, be suspicious!
    • Genuine promoters will usually only ask for your name and email address, plus a postal address if they need to post out a prize – and this information is usually required by you responding to their DM, not via entering information on a link.

What to do if you think something is a scam

If you think a message looks genuine, but you’re not 100% sure, respond to the message and tell them you’re concerned due to the number of scams around, and ask if you can have their email address instead of giving your details via Direct Message. If they respond with an email address, check it’s trustworthy by putting the domain (after the @) into Google – for genuine promoters it will be a brand website, or a marketing/PR/fulfilment agency. If you’re certain the account is fake, report it using the instructions below, and send a message to the genuine promoter’s account to warn them about the cloned account.

How to report a cloned Facebook profile

To report a cloned profile, tap the three dots on the right of the cover photo. Choose Find support or Report Profile. Annoyingly, if you choose Pretending to be a someone, there’s no option to choose a brand page – the closest option is to choose Fake Name. and then report the profile. You might get a message back saying Facebook have reviewed it, and it isn’t a breach of Facebook Community Standards, but eventually the profile should be taken down especially if there are multiple reports.

How to report a cloned Instagram profile

To report a cloned Instagram profile, tap the three dots on the right of their profile page, then Report from the menu and select It’s inappropriate. Select Report account then It’s posting content that shouldn’t be on Instagram, and Scam or Fraud. Unfortunately Instagram have removed the ability to flag up accounts that are impersonating verified accounts! It’s disappointing that scammers are able to easily set up so many fake Facebook or Instagram profiles without them being automatically flagged as suspicious, but hopefully if we continue to file reports that will show that fake profiles is a serious problem that needs fixing.

How to make it difficult for a scammer to clone your Facebook profile

As most compers have their Facebook profiles set to public, and are actively commenting on public brand pages, they’re at risk of having their own Facebook profile cloned. To clone a personal Facebook profile, scammers simply go to a user’s profile, copy their name and photo and set up a brand new account using their identity. They then go through the user’s public friend list, adding each one as a friend. The friends usually accept, presuming there’s been a Facebook glitch and they were unfriended. Once they’ve been added as a friend, the scammer then sends a message – usually asking for money. It’s easy for someone to copy your profile name and photo, but without any friends to contact they won’t be able to do much scamming! Hiding your friends list from your profile will help deter scammers – change the privacy settings of your Friends list from public to private using these instructions:
    • On the Facebook app, tap your profile photo then tap the three dots under your cover photo. Tap View Privacy Shortcuts and See more privacy settings. Swipe down to Who can see your friends list?, tap and select Only me from the list.

How to prevent fake profiles from commenting on your Facebook competition shares

If the fake Facebook profiles are starting to bug you, why not post your ‘Like & Share’ entries publicly to a group instead of to your own profile? The promoter will see all the public shares together on the same list under their competition post. But in a public group, the fake profile would not be able to comment. Lots of compers have created these small sharing groups (mine is Great Facebook Giveaways). You need just 2 members to form a Facebook group, so find a friend willing to be your second member.

How promoters can help to warn entrants

If you’re hosting a giveaway on Facebook or Instagram, include text to warn people about possible scammers. Adding text like this will help: ‘Please be vigilant – giveaways are being targeted by scammers who impersonate the promoter’s social media accounts. Do not click any links in messages, and report any fake profiles! We will DM the winner from this account.’
If you found this post helpful, you might also want to read my post How to spot scam giveaways on social media. If you’re a member of my Lucky Learners Facebook group, you can share your screenshots and questions on our dedicated SCAM post, where members offer advice. Have you experienced scams on Facebook or Instagram? Let me know in the comments.

10 Responses

  1. Joanne Clode says:

    So if I reply short and thrift (but not breaking the rules) to one of these “Congratulations you have been selected as the winner of my giveaway event” bloody reply comments (of which I have had HUNDREDS) – my question is – does it reply back to the Cloning Perpetrator, or does it go to the Author? I have been tempted loads of times to do this, but for fear of it going to the Author unintentionally and offending them!

    • Di says:

      Your reply would be visible on the promoter’s page, but as it’s a reply to someone else’s comment, they wouldn’t be notified about it! But to be honest your time is probably better spent entering a competition, as responding to the idiots shows that their comments are being read, and will encourage them to keep going!

  2. Andrea Dimmick says:

    OK , so seeing as I’ve recently got back into my comping, I reluctantly joined all social media, Ive only done a few so far on FB but each one has come with a scam winning message, I’m not wanting the agro, so I just deleted my account, even that was hard work, they realy don’t want you to leave.

  3. mista says:

    My instagram has been cloned so many times now, it started back in December, 1 clone, then 4 clones, then 1 or 2 would pop up every other week… then, out of nowhere 57 clones in one day, they all claimed to be my official bot, this is getting put of hand, reporting the accounts don’t seem to do anything, they just choose a new page and clone that one, like a swarm :/

  4. Stacey Caine says:

    I’ve been reporting the fake Facebook profiles under fake account not fake name, should I always report under fake name? Just done one today, I’m getting really annoyed with them.

  5. Frances Heaton says:

    Thanks Di for your advice.
    Have recently had several of these bogus accounts telling me I have won various Facebook competitions.
    Luckily I have realised before responding, but they’re becoming a real nuisance these days.
    I don’t think I would trust a genuine message stating that my entry has won on Facebook now.
    We all need to be vigilant with so many scams about.
    Good luck

  6. yvonne pallett says:

    Thanks again Di for great advice

  7. Kieran Walsh says:

    Di, i am old in the tooth comper, But have been caught, like us all, Facebook provide little scope for “You to factually report these, Two names came up on you win posts. There Facebook page, were fake, both in Bangladesh, one had three Facebook accounts, A blind Man could see they were fakes Reported, reply from Facebook, these do not breach Facebook rules!!. But on positive side, got a you win on Mc Colls site, this afternoon Reported, within Five Minutes Mc Coll had put out urgent warning. And Facebook closed his account. Thanks for all your tips

  8. Really useful advice as always Di. Thank you. Thankfully I’ve not seen any of these personally but I’m just returning to using fb more this year so it’s really good to be aware of. Xxx

  1. 27/03/2022

    […] of how scammer steal online users data […]

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